Cotton is the most important plant fibre to make textile products. Cotton is cultivated by many countries around the globe, with four main types of cotton growing commonly, which are Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium barbadense, Gossypium Arboretum and Gossypium herbaceum.
The use of cotton has a long tradition with a history of about 7000 years. Clothes made of cotton are moistureabsorbent, have a good drape and are known for their long durability. Products range from highly absorbent bath towels and bed linens to basic clothes such as t-shirts, underwear or socks. Also a broad range of technical textiles are made from this continuously popular fibre today.
The annual world production of cotton is estimated at 26.7 million tons for 2017/2018, accounting for approximately 2.5% of the world’s arable land. The Top 10 cotton producers are India, China, United States, Brazil, Pakistan, Australia, Usbekistan, Turkey, Mexico and Mali. Africa as continent delivers a total of 1.7 Million tons of cotton to its customers.
Source: ICAC – 01/2019